Why Prune Roses

    • Encourage new growth and bloom
    • Remove dead wood
    • Improve air circulation
    • Shape the plant
      1. Use clean, sharp tools.
      2. Look at the overall plant, but begin pruning from the base of the plant.
      3. Prune to open the center of the plant to light and air circulation.
      4. Make your cuts at a 45-degree angle, about 1/4 inch above a bud that is facing toward the outside of the plant.
      5. Make sure it is a clean cut, not ragged (Enlarge photo above right)
      6. Remove all broken, dead, dying or diseased wood (Any branches that look dry, shriveled or black. Cut until the inside of the cane is white.)
      7. Remove any weak or twiggy branches thinner than a pencil.
      8. If cane borers are a problem in your area, seal the cut with a white glue, such as Elmer’s.
      9. Remove sucker growth below the graft.
      10. Remove any remaining foliage

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